There are many options available in the form of different stream of practitioners available in our country. Broadly they can be divided in two heads:
The Allopathy is the predominant system of medicine which is being taught in more than 600 medical colleges across the country. Every system of medicine has its strengths and weaknesses.
Healthcare professionals who practice allopathic medicine tend to take an evidence-based approach when they treat disease. This means they try to follow current literature guidelines and may request several diagnostic tests before deciding on the best course of treatment.
The advances in this system of medicine has contributed immensely in increasing the average age of survival as well as in creating many specialities and super specialities. Advances in this system no doubt has revolutionised the treatment options but has also made it very expensive and risk prone.
Further guidance is related to this system of medicine.
RELEVANT LINKS for further reading:
Indian Systems of Medicine: A Brief Profile
Most allopathic doctors will take patient’s history and examine and may ask for tests to diagnose and as a part of treatment and follow up, they may:
This is to avoid the onset of an illness:
It has eradicated small pox and polio , and contained many more diseases like measles, tetanus, whooping cough etc. In the recent pandemic of corona virus also vaccination has helped to control severe form of the disease.
Another area of preventing diseases has been ushered in by deeper understanding of underlying causes of diseases as well as advances in genetics. Doctors are able to predict chances of one developing diabetes or certain types of cancer.
CURATIVE TREATEMENT – (to cure a patient of an illness), can be MEDICAL or SURGICAL
Typically the doctor will advise interventions such as medication, injections, precautions, dietary suggestions, monitoring etc. They will also prescribe the next review cycle. Many of these are written in prescription and others communicated verbally.
For certain illnesses, the doctor may prescribe surgical treatment or an invasive procedure.
RELEVANT LINK for further reading
You may consult more than one doctor and take a second opinion , in order to make an informed choice about the optimum line of treatment for your illness. This is particularly important for major illnesses, and surgical treatment. Remember it is your RIGHT to ask for a second opinion.
RELEVANT LINKS for further reading
Types of surgeries:
How do I choose the hospital for my treatment?
What are the benefits of going to an accredited healthcare facility
Definition and coverage of NABH accreditation.
How can I find my way in the hospital?
How can I understand the treatment plan? Should I follow the doctors orders?
When should I seek a second opinion?
How can patients prevent falls in hospitals?
How can patients prevent falls at home?